Cardiovascular System Test

  1. The size of a normal heart is often compared to the size of
    a. a grapefruit
    b. your fist
    c. a walnut
    d. none of the above
  2. The normal adult heart weighs about
    a. 20 ounces
    b. 5 ounces
    c. 11 ounces
    d. none of the above
  3. The muscle of the heart is called the
    a. myocardium
    b. pericardium
    c. endocardium
    d. epicardium
  4. The heart contains how many chambers?
    a. 3
    b. 4
    c. 5
    d. 8
  5. The outer protective layer of the heart is called the
    a. myocardium
    b. endocardium
    c. epicardium
    d. none of the above
  6. The largest vein in the body is the
    a. pulmonary vein
    b. aorta
    c. vena cava
    d. none of the above
  7. The natural pacemaker of the heart is called the
    a. AV node
    b. SA node
    c. bundle of his
    d. none of the above
  8. The vena cava enters into the
    a. right atrium
    b. right ventricle
    c. left atrium
    d. left ventricle
  9. The SA node is located on top of the
    a. right atrium
    b. right ventricle
    c. left atrium
    d. left ventricle
  10. Blood is passed from the right atrium to the right ventricle through what valve?
    a. bicuspid valve
    b. pulmonary valve
    c. tricuspid valve
    d. mitral valve
  11. The only artery in the body that contains non oxygenated blood is
    a. the aorta
    b. the pulmonary
    c. vena cava
    d. none of the above
  12. Where does oxygen exchange in the blood take place?
    a. tricuspid valve
    b. left atrium
    c. pulmonary vein
    d. alveoli
  13. The blood that exits out of the lungs back into the heart, finding itís way into the
    a. right atrium
    b. right ventricle
    c. left atrium
    d. left ventricle
  14. The blood is passed from the left atrium to the left ventricle through what valve
    a. bicuspid valve
    b. pulmonary valve
    c. tricuspid valve
    d. semi lunar valve
  15. The oxygenated blood leave the heart through
    a. the left atrium
    b. pulmonary vein
    c. vena cava
    d. aorta
  16. All the following are true about arteries Except
    a. arteries carry oxygenated blood
    b. arteries have thick walls
    c. arteries have valves
    d. the blood in the arteries is bright red
  17. Which of the following is the largest artery in the body.
    a. aorta
    b. pulmonary artery
    c. femoral artery
    d. none of the above
  18. How long does it take for the blood to travel through the heart?
    a. 30 seconds
    b. 1 minute
    c. 45 seconds
    d. less than a second
  19. How long does it take for the blood to circulate throughout the entire body?
    a. 1 minute
    b. 5 minutes
    c. 1 hour
    d. 2 minutes
  20. Statistics say that one American dies of heart disease every
    a. day
    b. 30 minutes
    c. 30 seconds
    d. hour
  21. How many babies are born with a congenital heart defect.
    a. 1-10
    b. 1-100
    c. 1-1000
    d. none of the above
  22. Which of the following was the first cardiac defect to be surgically repaired?
    a. Coarctation of the Aorta
    b. Tetralogy of Fallot
    c. Patient Ductus Arteriosus
    d. none of the above
  23. All of the following are symptoms of an MI Except
    a. shortness of breath
    b. crushing chest pain
    c. tachycardia
    d. pain that radiates down the right arm
  24. A sudden loss of brain function from a disruption of the blood supply to a part of the brain is defined as
    a. a heat attack
    b. a stroke
    c. hypertension
    d. hypotension
  25. Uncontrollable risk factors with hypertension is
    a. age
    b. race
    c. sex
    d. all the above
  26. Coronary Angioplasty was developed in the
    a. 1920s
    b. 1950s
    c. 1980s
    d. 1990s
  27. Bradycardia is a heart rate
    a. above 100
    b. above 80
    c. below 80
    d. below 60
  28. All of the following are controllable risk factors with hypertension Except
    a. obesity
    b. sodium
    c. heredity
    d. sedentary lifestyle
  29. The medical name for a heart attack is
    a. cerebral vascular accident
    b. thrombosis
    c. congestive heart failure
    d. myocardial infarction