Digestive System Test

  1. The digestive system begins at the
    a. small intestines
    b. mouth
    c. esophagus
    d. none of the above
  2. The digestive system ends at the
    a. pyloric sphincter
    b. duodenum
    c. anus
    d. none of the above
  3. The mouth is also called the
    a. fundus
    b. pylorus
    c. bucal
    d. none of the above
  4. The esophagus leads from the mouth to the
    a. stomach
    b. pyloric sphincter
    c. ileum
    d. none of the above
  5. The stomach is divided into 3 parts, the fundus, the middle and the
    a. colon
    b. pylorus
    c. cecum
    d. none of the above
  6. What sphincter keeps food from back flowing from the stomach into the esophagus?
    a. cardiac sphincter
    b. anal sphincter
    c. the pyloric sphincter
    d. none of the above
  7. What sphincter keeps food in the stomach and allows it to leave at the appropriate time?
    a. cardiac sphincter
    b. anal sphincter
    c. the pyloric sphincter
    d. none of the above
  8. The upper portion of the small intestine is the
    a. jejunum
    b. duodenum
    c. ileum
    d. colon
  9. The middle portion of the small intestine is called the
    a. jejunum
    b. duodenum
    c. ileum
    d. colon
  10. The lower portion of the small intestine is called the
    a. jejunum
    b. duodenum
    c. ileum
    d. colon
  11. The common bile duct empties into what portion of the small intestine?
    a. jejunum
    b. duodenum
    c. ileum
    d. colon
  12. The normal small intestine is approximately how long?
    a. 5 feet
    b. 20 feet
    c. 6 feet
    d. 32 feet
  13. The normal large intestine is approximately how long?
    a. 5 feet
    b. 20 feet
    c. 6 feet
    d. 13 feet
  14. The top part of the large intestine is called the?
    a. duodenum
    b. colon
    c. cecum
    d. none of the above
  15. The vermiform appendix is found at the bottom of the
    a. duodenum
    b. colon
    c. ileum
    d. none of the above
  16. The ileoceal valve is located between the
    a. rectum and anus
    b. cecum and colon
    c. jejunum and the cecum
    d. none of the above
  17. The colon is separated into how many areas?
    a. 4
    b. 2
    c. 5
    d. none of the above
  18. What part of the intestine joins the rectum?
    a. ascending colon
    b. transverse colon
    c. descending colon
    d. sigmoid colon
  19. The normal rectum is approximately how long?
    a. 1 inch
    b. 4-5 inches
    c. 7-8 inches
    d. none of the above
  20. The gallbladder is shaped like a
    a. pear
    b. walnut
    c. bean
    d. none of the above
  21. The pancreas is responsible for the production of
    a. bile
    b. insulin
    c. saliva
    d. all the above
  22. The salivary glands secrete approximately how much saliva per day?
    a. 1.5 liters
    b. .5 liter
    c. 5 liters
    d. 3 liters
  23. It takes approximately how many hours for feces to pass through the large intestine?
    a. 3-4 hours
    b. 8-10 hours
    c. 24-40 hours
    d. none of the above
  24. Which of the following is a sign of gastritis?
    a. anorexia
    b. nausea
    c. discomfort after eating
    d. all the above
  25. Cirrhosis is defined as
    a. inflammation of the liver
    b. presence of gall-stones
    c. scaring of the liver
    d. none of the above
  26. Esophageal cancer claims over how many deaths each year?
    a. 6000
    b. 600
    c. 60
    d. 6
  27. The most common internal cancer in the United States is
    a. liver cancer
    b. brain cancer
    c. stomach cancer
    d. colon-rectum cancer
  28. Constipation is not a serious problem.
    a. true
    b. false
  29. The small intestine are the longest segment of the GI tract.
    a. true
    b. false
  30. Most digestion and absorption of food takes place in the small intestine.
    a. true
    b. false